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How to Talk to Children Below Eight About Puberty.

Talking to children about puberty can be a daunting task for any parent, but it becomes even more challenging when your child is below the age of eight. At this age, children may not have the cognitive and emotional maturity to fully understand the concept of puberty.

However, it is important for parents to initiate conversations about puberty at an early age in order to prepare their child for the physical and emotional changes that they will experience in the future.

Here are some tips on how to talk to children about puberty:

Use Simple And Age Appropriate Language.

When talking to young children about puberty, it is important to use simple and easy-to-understand language. Avoid using medical terms or complicated explanations that may confuse them. Stick to basic terms such as “growing up”, “changing bodies” or “becoming an adult”.

Start With The Basics.

Before diving into details about specific bodily changes, start by explaining what puberty is in general. Tell them that it is a natural process that happens as they get older and their body starts changing from that of a child’s to an adult’s.

Use Visual Aids.

Children learn best through visual aids, so consider using books or videos specifically designed for young children about puberty. These resources can help explain the physical changes in a fun and engaging way while also answering any questions your child might have.

Focus On Hygiene And Keep Repeating.

One aspect of puberty that young children can easily understand is personal hygiene. Explain how their body will start producing more sweat and oil, which can lead to body odor and acne. Teach them about the importance of showering regularly, using deodorant and washing their face.

Address Emotional Changes To Expect.

Puberty not only brings physical changes but also emotional changes as well. Children may experience mood swings, new emotions and increased sensitivity. Talk to your child about these changes and let them know that it is normal to feel confused or overwhelmed at times. Encourage them to express their emotions and provide support when needed.

Reinforce The Importance Of Boundaries – Physical And Mental.

During puberty, children may become more aware of their bodies and may start exploring their sexuality. It is important to reinforce the concept of boundaries and teach them about consent. Let them know that it is okay to say no if they don’t feel comfortable with certain physical touch or actions from others. This also includes mental boundaries, gently introducing if someone says things that make you feel uncomfortable.

Keep An Open Line Of Communication.

Make sure your child knows that they can come to you with any questions or concerns they have about puberty. Reassure them that there are no “wrong” questions and that you are there to support them through this process.

Remember, every child develops at their own pace, so don’t worry if your child doesn’t seem ready for a detailed conversation.

Cartoon Girl surrounded By Symbols Of Puberty

Tips for starting the conversation

As a parent, it can be intimidating to talk to your child about the physical changes of puberty. However, it is an important conversation to have in order for them to understand and navigate through this stage of their life. Here are some tips for starting the conversation with your child:

Choose The Right Time And Place.

It’s important to have this conversation in a private and comfortable setting where your child feels safe and relaxed. Avoid having this talk in public or when you and your child are both rushed or stressed.

Use Age Appropriate Language.

Keep in mind that young children may not understand complex medical terms or scientific explanations about puberty. Use simple and easy-to-understand language that they can relate to.

Be Honest And Open.

It’s normal for parents to feel awkward or embarrassed when talking about these topics with their children, but it’s crucial to be honest and open with them. Remember the younger they are the less they know so you are gently and appropriately setting the nature of their interaction with you and discussions about puberty now. Your child will appreciate your honesty and trust you even more.

Starting These Talks Early Is Easier.

It’s never too early to start talking about puberty with your child. In fact, experts recommend starting as early as 8-10 years old before any physical changes occur so that they are prepared beforehand.

Use Visual Aids.

Children learn better through visual aids such as pictures, diagrams, or videos. You can find age-appropriate books on puberty or use online resources like videos specifically designed for children.

Share Personal Experiences.

Sharing your own experiences going through puberty can make the conversation more relatable and less intimidating for your child. It also helps them understand that what they are going through is a normal part of growing up.

Be Prepared To Answer Questions.

Your child may have a lot of questions about puberty, so be prepared to answer them honestly and without judgment. If you don’t know the answer, it’s okay to say so and find the information together.

Emphasise The Positive Aspects.

While puberty can be a difficult and confusing time for some children, it’s important to highlight the positive aspects such as becoming more independent, developing new interests, and growing into their own unique self.

Address Body Changes.

Puberty involves physical changes like growth spurts, body hair, acne and menstruation (for girls). Be sure to address these changes with your child and provide them with accurate information on how to take care of their changing bodies.

Keep the conversation ongoing.

Puberty is a process that lasts several years, so it’s important to keep the conversation going as your child grows and experiences different stages of development. Let your child know that you are always available to talk and answer any questions they may have.

Read the next step of our Parents Guide to Puberty here.


Perimenopause and Menopause: A Simple Explanation.

Who Does It Affect?

As women age, they go through a natural and significant hormonal transition called perimenopause and menopause. Understanding what these terms mean, when they happen, where they affect you, and why they occur can help you navigate this life stage with confidence and grace.

What Is Perimenopause and Menopause?

Perimenopause is the stage leading up to menopause. During this time, your body begins to make fewer hormones, primarily oestrogen and progesterone. Menopause, on the other hand, is the point at which you’ve gone 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period.

When Does It Happen?

This perimenopausal transition usually begins between the ages of 45 and 55. This transition varies from person to person, usually lasting between four to seven years but can be as long as 14 years. The duration can depend on lifestyle factors such as smoking, age it begins, and race and ethnicity. Asking your Mother, if that is possible, about her experience will give you an idea of what you are likely to expect. During perimenopause, the body’s production of oestrogen and progesterone, two hormones made by the ovaries, varies greatly.

Where Does Menopause Effect You?

Perimenopause and menopause can affect you in various ways, both physically and emotionally. Common symptoms include:

  1. Hot Flashes: Sudden feelings of heat and sweating, often accompanied by a rapid heartbeat.
  2. Mood Swings: Changes in mood, irritability, and occasional bouts of sadness or anxiety.
  3. Sleep Troubles: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.
  4. Vaginal Changes: Dryness and thinning of the vaginal tissues, which can lead to discomfort during intercourse.
  5. Bone Health: A decrease in bone density, which can increase the risk of osteoporosis.
  6. Heart Health: Changes in cholesterol levels and an increased risk of heart disease.
  7. Cognitive Changes: Some women report memory lapses and difficulty concentrating.

Why Does It Happen?

Perimenopause and menopause are natural phases of a woman’s life. They occur as your ovaries gradually produce fewer hormones over time. This hormonal shift is a normal part of aging. It’s essential to remember that every woman’s experience is unique. Some may sail through these stages with minimal disruption, while others may find the symptoms more challenging.

It’s also important to know that while these changes can be difficult, they don’t mean the end of your vitality or femininity. You can take steps to manage your symptoms and maintain a happy, healthy life during and after this transition.

Understanding perimenopause and menopause empowers you to take control of your health and well-being. Talk to your healthcare provider about your symptoms and explore available options for managing any challenges you may encounter during this phase. Remember, you’re not alone, and many women before you have successfully navigated this natural journey.

What You Should Know:

In the United Kingdom, you can obtain advice on Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) from various sources. Here are some common places to look for:

  1. General Practitioner (GP): Your first and most accessible option is to consult your GP. They can provide information about HRT, assess your specific needs, and discuss whether it’s a suitable option for you. Your GP can also prescribe HRT if deemed appropriate.
  2. Menopause Clinics: Some larger healthcare centers or hospitals have specialised menopause clinics. These clinics have experts who focus on menopause-related issues, including HRT. You can ask your GP for a referral to a menopause clinic if necessary.
  3. Women’s Health Specialists: Obstetricians and gynecologists are medical specialists who can provide advice and treatment related to HRT. If you have complex or specific needs, your GP may refer you to a women’s health specialist.
  4. Pharmacists: Pharmacists are knowledgeable about medications, including HRT. They can provide information on the different types of HRT available, how to take them, and potential side effects. They may also be able to offer guidance on over-the-counter menopause remedies.
  5. Women’s Health Charities and Support Groups: Organisations like the British Menopause Society and local support groups like local government, can offer information, resources, and support for women going through menopause. These groups often have websites, hotlines, or in-person meetings where you can learn more about HRT and connect with others experiencing similar challenges.
  6. Online Resources: Many reputable websites, such as the NHS website and patient information portals, provide detailed information on HRT and menopause. However, always ensure that the information you access online is from trustworthy sources.
  7. Private Clinics: If you prefer a private healthcare option, you can consult with a private healthcare provider or clinic that specialises in women’s health. Private clinics may offer a range of HRT options and personalized care.

It’s essential to have an open and honest conversation with a healthcare professional about HRT to determine if it’s the right choice for you, considering your medical history, symptoms, and personal preferences. Additionally, always consult with a healthcare provider for guidance and prescriptions related to HRT, as it is a medical treatment that requires careful consideration and monitoring.

Bloody Marvellous Limited goes to great lengths to ensure that, to the best of its knowledge, the information provided on this website and its social media channels is correct at the time of publication and/or subsequent modification. This information is solely for general purposes. It has been prepared in order to provide information, education and related products/services offered by Bloody Marvellous and Associated Organisations.

Period Pain & Menstrual Cramps Reduced By Syncing Exercise To Your Cycle.

Hey there, fellow menstruators! If you’ve ever experienced the wrath of menstrual cramps, you know they can feel like tiny ninjas karate-chopping your insides. But fret not, because we’re diving into the world of exercise and its magical, potentially cramp-busting powers.

Sweating It Out: Can You Workout with Menstrual Cramps?

According to hormone experts, our bodies have different needs during each part of our menstrual cycle, and this can affect how we feel about getting active. And instead of fighting against this, we should actually be syncing our workouts to our menstrual cycles.

How to sync your workouts to your menstrual cycle

In order to sync your workout schedule with your menstrual cycle, you need to first understand the four different phases.

The four phases of your menstrual cycle:

The Follicular Phase (lasting 7 to 10 days)

This is when you will tend to feel the most energetic. It’s when your body is getting ready to release an egg from the ovary, so your hormone levels dip. As a result, our energy levels increase, making this the perfect time to try a new and challenging workout.

The Ovulatory Phase (lasting 3 to 4 days)

This phase is where your energy levels peak. It’s in the middle of the menstrual cycle, when the body is churning out the luteinizing hormone that triggers the release of the egg. The body also produces more testosterone and oestrogen during this time. So, if there was ever a time to do really intense workouts like HIIT training, it’s now!

The Luteal Phase (lasting 10 to 14 days)

Not only is this the longest phase, but it’s normally experienced in two halves. In the first half, the lining of the uterus thickens to prepare for a possible pregnancy. As a result, your oestrogen and progesterone levels increase and your testosterone levels peak. It’s a great idea to take advantage of this by doing strength training or other weight-bearing exercises during this phase. However, in the second part of the luteal phase, many people experience an energy dip. This is because the oestrogen and progesterone levels start to decline. You may prefer to do more low-key exercises during this time, like yoga, pilates or a walk.

The Menstrual Phase (lasting 3 to 7 days)

Yep, we all know what this one means! During the menstrual phase, the uterine level starts to shed which leads to us feeling out of sorts. Now is the time to really listen to your body and tailoring your workouts routine accordingly. If you feel like doing some low-intensity exercise during this phase then, by all means, go for it. But if your body is telling you it needs rest, listen to it—as working out on your period can make you feel worse if your adrenals are already under stress.

Woman tying her red running shoes

The Perks of Being a Workout Junkie

Let’s talk benefits, shall we? Exercise has a knack for boosting blood flow and releasing endorphins (nature’s painkillers). Translation: it’s like sending an army of happy little soldiers to wage war against those cramps. Plus, it tackles headaches and fatigue – the ultimate multitasker!

And guess what? Exercise isn’t a one-trick pony. It’s got a laundry list of perks: it fights off heart disease, diabetes, and even the Monday blues. Say goodbye to stress and anxiety, and hello to better sleep and mood. Who knew exercise was such a charmer?

Exercise Types: Finding Your Menstrual Cramps BFF

In the quest for period-cramp relief, not all exercises are created equal. We’ve got two contenders: low-impact and high-impact exercises.

Low-Impact Heroes: Think yoga and leisurely walks. They’re like the gentle hugs your uterus craves during its tantrum. Bonus: these exercises can help with postpartum urinary incontinence, but we won’t tell anyone!

High-Impact Avengers: Running and aerobics, these are the big guns. They can help, but they’re not for everyone. Think of them as the action heroes of exercise, ready to take on the cramp villains in style.

Mix and match to find your ideal combo, but consult your healthcare provider if you’re new to exercise or have health concerns. Safety first, right?

Menstrual Cramps Busted: Other Natural Remedies

Exercise not your jam? No worries, we’ve got alternatives that won’t make you break a sweat (unless you want to).

Heat Therapy: A heating pad or a warm bath can be your cozy companions during cramp season. They’re like a warm hug for your cranky uterus, increasing blood flow and melting away tension.

Dietary Delights: Magnesium-rich foods like leafy greens, nuts, seeds, and dairy, along with calcium, can be your allies. Magnesium keeps muscles and nerves in check, while calcium keeps those contractions on a leash.

Herbal Heroes: Sip on ginger or chamomile tea – they’ve got anti-inflammatory powers to soothe your rebellious uterus. Plus, they’re like a warm, comforting hug from the inside.

But remember, not every remedy is a match for every superhero. Talk to your healthcare provider before experimenting, especially if you’ve got severe cramps or symptoms that are throwing your daily life off balance.

Wrap It Up: You’re the Boss of Your Period

By adding exercise and these natural remedies to your menstrual toolkit, you could become the boss of your period (or at least co-boss). Remember to pamper yourself and prioritise your menstrual health.

So there you have it, ladies! Whether you’re kicking butt at the gym or sipping chamomile tea in your comfiest PJs, there’s a remedy out there to help you conquer those pesky cramps. Remember, you’ve got this! 💪🩸🌟

Bloody Marvellous Limited goes to great lengths to ensure that, to the best of its knowledge, the information provided on this website and its social media channels is correct at the time of publication and/or subsequent modification. This information is solely for general purposes. It has been prepared in order to provide information, education and related products/services offered by Bloody Marvellous and Associated Organisations.

Beat the Heat: Cycle Bleeds in Summertime

During the summer, many individuals may experience a change in their menstrual cycle, or their menstrual bleed. This is because the rise in temperatures can affect the production of certain hormones in the body, leading to a different bleed pattern or intensity. Some women may find their bleeding is heavier, while others may experience lighter bleeding than usual. In addition, summertime bleeding can be accompanied by different symptoms such as bloating, cramps, headaches, and fatigue.

We look at some of the most common hot-weather menstrual challenges and share our top tips for staying sane and cool during your bleed. So, grab a cold drink and let’s get started!

Who Could Be Affected By Hot Weather?

Hot weather can potentially affect anyone, regardless of whether they are experiencing a menstrual bleed or not. However, individuals who are menstruating may experience some additional discomfort or challenges due to the combination of hot weather and their menstrual cycle.

It is worth noting that individual experiences may vary, and not everyone will be affected in the same way. However, it is important to prioritise self-care, stay hydrated and adapt daily routines as needed to manage the combined effects of hot weather and menstruation.

What Sort Of Issues Does Hot Weather Bring?

Some potential effects include:

Heat sensitivity:

During menstruation, some individuals may feel more sensitive to heat, making hot weather feel more uncomfortable or exacerbating symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, or headaches.


Both hot weather and menstruation can increase the need for hydration. Menstrual bleeding can lead to fluid loss and sweating in hot weather can further deplete the body’s water levels. It is essential for individuals to drink plenty of fluids to stay properly hydrated in these conditions.

Exacerbation of symptoms:

Menstrual cramps, bloating and general discomfort may intensify in hot weather due to increased body temperature. Heat can potentially exacerbate pain and make it more challenging to manage these symptoms.

Skin sensitivity:

Some individuals may experience heightened skin sensitivity during menstruation and the hot weather can further contribute to skin irritation or chafing. It is important to wear breathable clothing and use suitable hygiene products to minimise discomfort.

Energy levels:

Menstruation can sometimes lead to feelings of fatigue or low energy. Hot weather can amplify these sensations, as the body works harder to cool itself down. It may be necessary to take extra measures to rest, seek shade, or avoid strenuous activities during periods of extreme heat.

When Could These Issues Happen?

The issues could affect individuals who menstruate during periods of hot weather. The exact timing will depend on your menstrual cycle and when hot weather conditions occur.

Typically, these issues can arise during the menstrual phase, which is when menstruation occurs. This phase usually lasts around 3 to 7 days, but the duration can vary from person to person. If hot weather coincides with your menstrual phase, you may find that your periods can be longer and more frequent during the summer season. Vitamin D helps the body to increase the production of the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which regulates reproductive functions. Hot weather means more ovarian activity and longer periods so large amounts of sun exposure impacts the length of our period.

It’s also important to consider that premenstrual symptoms, such as bloating and fatigue, can start a few days before your period. If hot weather occurs during this time, you might experience a combination of premenstrual discomfort and the challenges posed by high temperatures.

Where Could They Affect Me Both Physically & Mentally?

The effects of hot weather and menstrual bleeding can impact both your physical and mental well-being. Here’s how they may affect you in these aspects:

Physical Effects:


Hot weather can exacerbate menstrual discomfort, including cramps, bloating, breast tenderness, and general body aches. The combination of heat and menstruation may intensify these symptoms, making you feel more physically uncomfortable.

Fatigue and low energy:

Menstruation can sometimes lead to feelings of fatigue, and hot weather can further contribute to low energy levels. Heat can make you feel more drained and lethargic, potentially affecting your physical performance and productivity.

Heat sensitivity:

Some individuals may experience increased sensitivity to heat during menstruation, leading to a decreased tolerance for hot weather. You may feel overheated or experience more pronounced symptoms of heat exhaustion or heatstroke if exposed to high temperatures for extended periods.

Hydration challenges:

Both hot weather and menstrual bleeding can increase the need for hydration. Menstruation involves fluid loss and sweating in hot weather can further deplete your body’s water levels. You can consider adding electrolyte drinks or coconut water to your diet to stay extra hydrated. Additionally, you may want to carry a water bottle with you at all times to make sure you always have access to fluids. Failure to maintain proper hydration can result in dehydration and related symptoms like headache, dizziness, and fatigue.

Mental and Emotional Effects:

Irritability and mood swings:

Menstruation can be accompanied by changes in mood and emotions due to hormonal fluctuations. The discomfort and challenges of hot weather may compound these mood swings, potentially leading to increased irritability, frustration, or sensitivity.

Emotional stress:

Managing menstrual symptoms alongside the discomfort of hot weather can add emotional stress to your overall well-being. Feeling physically uncomfortable or limited in your activities due to the weather can affect your mental state, leading to feelings of stress or being overwhelmed.

Body image concerns:

Some individuals may experience body image concerns during menstruation, which can be further exacerbated by hot weather. Feeling bloated or self-conscious about changes in your body during this time may impact your self-esteem or body image perception.

Sleep disturbances:

Hot weather can interfere with sleep quality as your body will produce less melatonin (a hormone that signals to your body that it is time to go to sleep) making a good night’s sleep even more challenging. Add that to normal menstrual symptoms such as cramps or discomfort which may disrupt your sleep as well. The combination of these factors can lead to difficulties in getting restful sleep, which may affect your mood, concentration, and overall mental well-being.

It’s important to note that the extent and specific effects will vary from person to person. While some individuals may experience significant impacts, others may be less affected. Taking care of your physical and mental health during these periods by staying hydrated, resting when needed, practicing self-care, and seeking support from loved ones can help alleviate some of these challenges.

Why Does It Matter To Deal With This?

Dealing with the challenges posed by hot weather and menstrual bleeding matters for several reasons:

Physical well-being:

Taking steps to manage the effects of hot weather and menstrual bleeding can contribute to your overall physical well-being. By addressing discomfort, staying hydrated and adapting your activities, you can help minimise the impact on your body and reduce the risk of dehydration, heat-related illnesses, and exacerbation of menstrual symptoms.

Mental and emotional well-being

Addressing these challenges is important for your mental and emotional well-being. By acknowledging and managing the physical and emotional discomfort that may arise during menstruation and in hot weather, you can help maintain a more positive mood, reduce stress levels, and improve your overall mental health.

Productivity and daily functioning:

When you proactively manage these challenges, you are better able to maintain your productivity and daily functioning. By addressing discomfort and fatigue, staying hydrated, and taking care of your mental well-being, you can minimize the impact on your ability to carry out regular activities, work, study, or engage in hobbies and social interactions.

Quality of life:

By dealing with these challenges, you can enhance your overall quality of life. When you take steps to mitigate discomfort and manage the effects of hot weather and menstrual bleeding, you can experience a greater sense of comfort, improved body image, reduced stress, and an enhanced ability to participate in activities that bring you joy and fulfillment.

Health and safety:

Managing these challenges is crucial for your health and safety. Extreme heat and inadequate hydration can lead to serious health risks, such as dehydration, heat exhaustion, or even heatstroke. Additionally, neglecting self-care and not addressing menstrual symptoms can impact your long-term reproductive health and well-being.

Top Tips – Stay Cool During The Heat

Here are some top tips to help you stay cool during your period in hot weather:

Stay hydrated:

Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and compensate for fluid loss during menstruation. Aim for at least 8-10 glasses of water or coconut water per day. Avoid sugary drinks and alcohol and instead opt for water, herbal teas, or electrolyte-rich beverages.

Marvellous Tip: If you don’t find drinking plain water easy, add some fresh fruit, slices of cucumber, lemon, apple or herbs like mint. Try sparkling water too.

Use menstrual products suitable for hot weather:

Choose menstrual products that are appropriate for hot weather conditions. This is a great time to try using a menstrual cups. This can be more comfortable and less prone to odour compared to pads or tampons. They can also be worn for longer periods without needing to be changed.

Dress in breathable fabrics:

Opt for lightweight and breathable fabrics such as cotton or moisture-wicking materials. These fabrics allow better airflow, which can help keep you cool and reduce discomfort. Loose-fitting clothing can also provide more airflow and prevent excessive sweating.

Carry personal hygiene products:

Keep a small bag with extra menstrual products, wipes, or tissues with you in case you need to change or freshen up while on the go. This way you can feel more cool and comfortable during your period.

Use cooling methods:

Apply a cold compress or ice pack wrapped in a towel to your lower abdomen to help alleviate cramps and cool down your body. Alternatively, you can use a cooling gel pad designed for menstrual pain relief or a cool spray.

Take cool showers or baths:

Cool showers or baths can help lower your body temperature and provide temporary relief from menstrual discomfort. The cool water can also help soothe any inflammation or swelling you may be experiencing.

Use fans or air conditioning:

Stay in well-ventilated areas with fans or air conditioning, if you have them, to keep cool. If you don’t have air conditioning, use portable fans or create airflow by opening windows and using cross-ventilation techniques.

Avoid heat-retaining activities:

Minimise engaging in activities that can generate excessive body heat, such as intense exercise or spending prolonged periods in direct sunlight. Opt for lighter activities in shaded or air-conditioned environments.

Stay mindful of food choices:

Eat light, cooling foods that can help regulate body temperature, such as fruits, vegetables, and salads. Avoid heavy, greasy, or spicy foods that can contribute to discomfort or make you feel hotter.

Rest and prioritise self-care:

Listen to your body and rest when needed. Take breaks, find a cool and quiet place to relax, and engage in self-care activities that promote relaxation and comfort, such as reading, meditating, or taking a nap.

Remember, each person’s experience and comfort levels may vary. It’s essential to pay attention to your body’s signals and adjust your routine accordingly. By implementing these tips, you can help manage the discomfort of your period and stay cool during hot weather conditions.

Bloody Marvellous Limited goes to great lengths to ensure that, to the best of its knowledge, the information provided on this website and its social media channels is correct at the time of publication and/or subsequent modification. This information is solely for general purposes. It has been prepared in order to provide information, education and related products/services offered by Bloody Marvellous and Associated Organisations.

Unbearable Menstrual Cramps Are Not Normal

Who could get Menstrual Cramps?

Menstrual cramps can affect people who menstruate, typically cisgender women and transgender men who have not undergone surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy). Menstrual cramps are a common symptom experienced by individuals during their menstrual cycle.

It’s important to note that not all people who menstruate experience menstrual cramps. The severity and frequency of cramps can vary greatly from person to person. Most individuals have mild cramps or no cramps at all, while others may experience more intense or debilitating pain.

Menstrual cramps usually begin a day or two before menstruation and may continue for a few days. They are most common in adolescents and young adults, but they can affect individuals of all ages.

It’s worth mentioning that while cisgender women and transgender men who have a uterus may experience menstrual cramps, it’s not limited to them. Some non-binary individuals or transgender individuals who have not undergone hormonal or surgical interventions may also experience menstrual cramps. Menstrual cramps are primarily associated with the presence of a functioning uterus and the shedding of the uterine lining during menstruation.

If you have concerns about your menstrual cramps or if they are particularly severe or impacting your daily life, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional. They can provide further evaluation, offer appropriate management strategies, and rule out any underlying conditions that may be causing the cramps.


Uterine cramps, also known as menstrual cramps or dysmenorrhea, are a common symptom experienced by many women during their menstrual cycle. They are caused by the contractions of the uterus as it sheds its lining during menstruation.

During menstruation, the uterus releases substances called prostaglandins, which stimulate the uterine muscles to contract. These contractions help expel the uterine lining, leading to the characteristic bleeding of menstruation. However, when the levels of prostaglandins are higher than usual, they can cause stronger and more intense contractions, resulting in cramping and pain.

The pain associated with uterine cramps is typically felt in the lower abdomen, although it can also radiate to the lower back and thighs. The severity of the pain can vary from mild to severe and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as bloating, fatigue, and headache.

For most women, uterine cramps are a normal part of the menstrual cycle and can be managed with self-care measures, such as over-the-counter pain relievers, warm bath, heat therapy, exercise and relaxation techniques. However, if the pain is severe, significantly interferes with daily activities, or is accompanied by unusual symptoms, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and to rule out any underlying conditions.

When would Menstrual Cramps happen?

Menstrual cramps typically occur during menstruation, which is the shedding of the uterine lining that happens as part of the menstrual cycle. The timing of menstrual cramps can vary, but they often begin a day or two before the actual bleeding starts and can continue for a few days into the menstrual period.

Cramps may be felt as a dull or throbbing pain in the lower abdomen, although they can also radiate to the lower back or thighs. The intensity and duration of menstrual cramps can vary from person to person. Some individuals may experience mild discomfort or occasional twinges, while others may have more severe and prolonged pain.

It’s important to note that while most menstrual cramps occur during the first few days of the menstrual period, some individuals may experience cramping throughout their entire menstrual cycle. This can be due to various factors, such as hormonal imbalances, underlying medical conditions like endometriosis, or individual differences in pain sensitivity.

Where would Menstrual Cramps affect me physically and mentally?

Menstrual cramps can have both physical and emotional effects on individuals who experience them. Here are some ways in which menstrual cramps may affect you:

Physical Effects:

  1. Abdominal pain: Menstrual cramps typically cause pain in the lower abdomen. The intensity of the pain can vary, ranging from mild discomfort to severe cramping.
  2. Back and thigh pain: Cramps can radiate to the lower back and thighs, causing additional discomfort and pain in those areas.
  3. Headaches: Some individuals may experience headaches or migraines associated with menstrual cramps.
  4. Nausea and digestive issues: Menstrual cramps can be accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, bloating, and changes in bowel movements.
  5. Fatigue: The hormonal changes and pain associated with cramps can contribute to feelings of fatigue or low energy levels.

Marvellous Tip: Drinking water which has infused with fresh ginger will help to stop the nausea. Carefully cut ginger into slices and put into a jug/drinking bottle of water and leave in the refrigerator.

Emotional/Mental Effects:

  1. Irritability and mood swings: Hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle can affect mood and emotional well-being, potentially leading to irritability, mood swings, or emotional sensitivity.
  2. Anxiety or depression: For some individuals, the physical discomfort and pain of menstrual cramps can contribute to feelings of anxiety or depression during their menstrual period.
  3. Disruption of daily activities: Severe menstrual cramps can impact one’s ability to engage in regular activities, work, or school, leading to frustration or feelings of being limited by the pain.

It’s important to note that the severity and impact of menstrual cramps can vary greatly among individuals. While some may experience mild discomfort that doesn’t significantly affect their daily life, others may have severe pain that requires medical intervention and may impact their physical and emotional well-being.

If you find that menstrual cramps are significantly affecting your quality of life, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional. They can provide personalized advice, evaluate any underlying conditions, and offer appropriate treatment options to help manage your symptoms.

Why do dealing with Menstrual Cramps matter?

Menstrual cramps matter for several reasons:

  1. Quality of life: Menstrual cramps can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. Severe cramps can be debilitating, causing pain and discomfort that interfere with daily activities, work, school, and social engagements. Managing menstrual cramps effectively can improve overall well-being and allow individuals to participate fully in their lives.
  2. Physical health: While mild to moderate cramps are a normal part of the menstrual cycle, severe or persistent menstrual cramps may be a symptom of an underlying medical condition, such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or pelvic inflammatory disease. Identifying and addressing these conditions is crucial for maintaining optimal physical health and preventing potential complications.
  3. Emotional well-being: Menstrual cramps can have an emotional impact on individuals. The pain and discomfort associated with cramps, combined with hormonal fluctuations, can contribute to mood changes, irritability, anxiety, or depression during the menstrual period. Addressing and managing menstrual cramps can help support emotional well-being and mental health.
  4. Productivity and attendance: Severe menstrual cramps may lead to missed school or work days, reduced productivity, and decreased overall attendance. By effectively managing cramps, individuals can maintain their regular routines and fulfill their responsibilities without disruptions caused by excessive pain.
  5. Treatment and support: Understanding and addressing menstrual cramps can provide opportunities for treatment and support. In cases where cramps are a symptom of an underlying condition, timely intervention and management can help alleviate symptoms and improve long-term health outcomes. Seeking medical advice and exploring available treatment options can provide individuals with the support they need.

It’s important to recognize that everyone’s experience with menstrual cramps is unique, and what may be manageable for one person could be more challenging for another. If menstrual cramps are significantly impacting your life, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional who can evaluate your specific situation, provide appropriate guidance, and offer potential treatment options to help manage your symptoms effectively.

Bloody Marvellous Limited goes to great lengths to ensure that, to the best of its knowledge, the information provided on this website and its social media channels is correct at the time of publication and/or subsequent modification. This information is solely for general purposes. It has been prepared in order to provide information, education and related products/services offered by Bloody Marvellous and Associated Organisations.